Cairo or al-Qāhirah is the biggest city in the Middle East and the capital of Egypt. Cairo’s population is more than 22 million people. Cairo city is the 19th largest city in the world, and among the world’s most densely populated cities.
The city is divided by the Nile river and famous for its own history, preserved in the pyramids of Giza, Islamic city and Coptic sites in Old Cairo. The top sightseeing in Cairo is the Egyptian Museum which is located in the centre of town which contains a majestic wide collection of Ancient Egyptian antiques. Cairo is the main destination in Egypt because of the Giza Pyramids, and to the nearby Saqqara Pyramid Complex, where visitors will see Egypt’s first step pyramid built by the famous architect Imhotep.
Cairo is one of the world’s top destination as it is the home for the great pyramids of Giza and the Egyptian National Museum. The big city is full of touristic attractions and as rich in historic finery as it is half dilapidated. The list of top attractions in Cairo includes many of must-see places.
The Pyramids of Giza is the most famous attraction in Egypt. The pyramids is a half-day trip and a must-do attraction on every tourist itinerary. The Pyramids and Sphinx is located at west of the city with the famous fourth dynasty funerary temples have been the Mecca of travelers for centuries and will be always one of the country’s major highlights.
The touristic site includes the Pyramid of Cheops or Khufu and it is the largest pyramid. Khufu pyramid has a narrow passages interior which can be explored. The Solar Boat Museum with a collection of amazing boats is directly behind the Great Pyramid. On the south on the plateau is the Pyramid of Chephren or Khefre, which has a great internal tunnel to visit. The smaller Pyramid of Mycerinus or Menkaure is located more to the south. The lion with pharaoh face is the great Sphinx; one of the ancient world’s iconic monuments.
The pyramids sight is roughly 13 kilometers away of the central city.
The Egyptian Museum has it is own reputation globally as it is home for a staggering collection of antiquities and mummies which makes it one of the world’s great museums. The museum has so many items that you need a lifetime to see everything. The museum was founded in 1857 and located in Downtown Cairo at Tahrir square.
Make sure you visit the Tutankhamun Galleries, The prince who died at the age of 18. The tomb contained the richest collection ever found in the ancient Egyptian king’s tomb. You can also visit the great collections of Hatshepsut, Tuthmosis II, Ramses II, and Seti I.
The Egyptian Museum is located in Downtown, Tahrir. The easiest way to arrive is by the Metro to Sadat station.
Al-Azhar Mosque is the one of the most great building of Islamic Cairo, and one of the city’s most holy mosques, completed in AD 972. The mosque is also one of the world’s oldest universities and located at Al Azhar street and nearby Khan Al Khaliliy and other sight-seeings in Islamic Cairo.
Coptic Cairo is the center small area where you can meet the 3 religions. Coptic Cairo is small church-filled cluster of alleys lies within the walls of Old Babylon where the Roman Emperor first built a fortress. You still can see parts of the Roman towers still preside over the main street.
You can visit the Coptic Museum which contains a collection of Egypt’s early Christian period. Down the main alley you can visit the 9th-century Hanging Church which has a beautiful Coptic architecture. One of the main attractions in Coptic Cairo is the Church of St. Sergius and Bacchus where local legend says the Virgin Mary, baby Jesus, and family sheltered. The quarter also includes the Ben Ezra Synagogue, which is said to be near the place where the baby Moses was found. Out side the quarter, you can finally visit the Mosque of Amr Ibn al-As, which is the first mosque built in Egypt.
Coptic Cairo is accessible by the Metro (The Mar Girgis station).
Khan el-Khalili is one of the most popular bazaar and cafe district in Cairo. This Middle Eastern Islamic souq (bazaar) is a home for a collection of antiques, jewelry, handcrafts, clothes, spices and art galleries. The Bazaar has Cairo’s most famous coffee shop, Fishawi, where you can drink Arabic coffee and mint tea.
The entry to the Khan el-Khalili area is across the road from Al-Azhar Mosque.
The Citadel of Cairo was built by Saladin in 1176 and one of the biggest locations to visit in Cairo with several museums, palaces and Mohamed Ali Mosque. The original structure has giant walls and has a great panoramic view on the city. The Mosque of Muhammad Ali is the most famous place and one of Cairo’s great landmarks. You can also visit Gawhara Terrace for the best panorama in town.
The location has so many museums within including the Police Museum, National Military Museum, and Carriage Museum. You can walk to the citadel area from Bab Zuweila, if you’re feeling energetic, by heading along Khayyamiyya Street.